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A Look into Medieval Textiles

A short and close look at Medieval textiles from the 12th century until the 17th century with the major markets and cities of that time.

Luxury silks from the northern Italian town of Lucca in the 12th century were being sold in Champagne fairs of northern France. There you could find woven brocades, silks featuring repeating patterns of flowers and animals.

In the 13th century the most important material for outer wear was wool and linen, linen was mostly used for clothing that was in direct contact with the skin. We can find embroidery in wool and silk, for the rich using gold thread, red velvets and pearls.

Textile major centers in Medieval Europe, Low Countries, Flandes, Artois, Brabant, Champagne (important locations in actual Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, parts of Northern France and Western Germany) Northern Italy. They dominated international markets in the production of luxury wool cloth and middle-level too.

By the early 14th century Luccese silks dominated the market joined by other Italian silk-weaving towns like Venice, Genoa and Bologna. From mid 14th century we can see a recognizable trend for fashion with the beginnings of tailoring when clothing were made to fit more closely the body with the help of lacing and buttons.

Mi-parti or parti colored fashion were garmets  made of two contrasting fabrics one on each side. Wool fabrics were dyed in rich colors like reds, greens, gold and blues (worn mostly by the aristocracy)

By the beginning of the 15th century silk weaving was well established around the Mediterranean producing silks, velvets, in silver gilt, in towns like Florence, Venice and Seville.

By the 16th century black cloth was increasingly worn for must formal occasions, bobbin lace made in Flandes was mostly used together rese of the ruff (fluffy collar) made of fine Italian reticella a cut work linen lace.

The 17th century saw the flowering of needle lace (point lace) producing a geometric reticella. Bilant was a long tunic where the sleeves fitted tightly to the elbow and flatted into a trumpet shape, the blouse fitted with a belt wrapped twice around the waist and knotted in front of the abdomen. The belts also accompanied by pouches or purses.


Medieval style clothing take a look


October 2, 2010 Posted by | fashion textiles | , , , , , | 3 Comments